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Mastering Triangle Chart Patterns: How to Use Them to Trade Successfully

When it comes to trading, using technical analysis can be a valuable tool to help you become a successful and profitable trader. One aspect of technical analysis is chart patterns, which can provide insight into the future direction of a asset's price. One such pattern is the triangle chart pattern.

In this article, we'll discuss the triangle chart pattern, and why it can be a valuable tool to use when trading. We'll also explore how it can be used in conjunction with other forms of technical analysis, particularly Elliott Wave Theory, to give us a higher probability of the direction that the triangle will break.

Here's what we'll cover:

  • What is a triangle chart pattern?

  • The three types of triangle chart patterns

  • What does a triangle mean in charting?

  • Is a triangle pattern bullish or bearish?

  • Why do triangle patterns work?

  • The success rate of triangle patterns

  • How to use a triangle chart pattern?

If you're new to trading or looking to get into trading as a new career, understanding the triangle chart pattern and how it works can be an invaluable asset to your success. So, let's dive in and explore the world of triangle chart patterns.

What is a Triangle Chart Pattern?

The triangle chart pattern is a technical analysis pattern that appears on a asset chart. It's a consolidation pattern that occurs when the price of a asset is making lower highs and higher lows. The pattern gets its name from the fact that it forms a shape that resembles a triangle.

The Three Types of Triangle Chart Patterns

Symmetrical Triangle - this occurs when the asset's price makes a series of lower highs and higher lows, forming a symmetrical triangle.

Ascending Triangle - this occurs when the stock's price makes a series of higher lows and the same high, forming an ascending triangle.

Descending Triangle - this occurs when the stock's price makes a series of lower highs and the same low, forming a descending triangle.

The triangle chart pattern is a consolidation pattern, meaning that it often appears when the price of an asset is pausing before continuing in the same direction as the previous trend or they also can appear at the end of a trend as a reversal pattern. As a result, the triangle chart pattern can be a valuable tool for traders to help them identify potential buying and selling opportunities.

What Does a Triangle Mean in Charting?

Triangles are generally considered to be continuation patterns by some traders, which means they indicate a pause in the existing trend before the price moves in the same direction as before.

Symmetrical triangles show that the market is at an equilibrium where neither the bulls nor the bears are in control of the price movement. However, the longer the price consolidates within the pattern, the higher the probability of a strong breakout.

Ascending triangles occur when the price is rising and facing resistance at a specific level. A break above the resistance level can indicate a bullish breakout.

Descending triangles occur when the price is declining and facing support at a specific level. A break below the support level can indicate a bearish breakout.

In the next section, we'll explore whether the triangle chart pattern is bullish or bearish.

Is a Triangle Pattern Bullish or Bearish?

In technical analysis, traders use chart patterns to determine the direction of an asset's price. One of the most popular chart patterns is the triangle pattern, which provides insight into the asset's future price movement. However, whether the triangle pattern is bullish or bearish is dependent on the direction of the asset's price movement. Here are some key points to consider:

Bullish Triangle Pattern:

  • When the triangle pattern occurs during an uptrend

  • Typically signals a continuation of the uptrend after the breakout

  • Could also signal a potential reversal of a downtrend

Bearish Triangle Pattern:

  • When the triangle pattern occurs during a downtrend

  • Typically signals a continuation of the downtrend after the breakout

  • Could also signal a potential reversal of an uptrend

It is essential to note that the direction of the breakout from the triangle pattern is what determines whether it is a bullish or bearish pattern. Once the breakout occurs, some traders can begin to make trades based on the pattern's direction. However, it is essential to use other technical analysis tools alongside the triangle pattern to increase the probability of success.

Why Do Triangle Patterns Work?

Triangle chart patterns are one of the most commonly traded patterns. They can work due to a few key reasons:

Market Indecision: A triangle pattern often forms when the market is uncertain about its direction. This indecision is expressed in the formation of the triangle, and as the pattern develops, it becomes clearer which direction the market is likely to move.

Psychological factors: A triangle pattern also reflects the emotions and psychology of the market participants. As the market consolidates, traders and investors become increasingly uncertain about the future direction of the price. Fear and greed may create a tug of war, leading to the formation of a triangle.

Supply and demand: As a triangle pattern forms, supply and demand dynamics can become unbalanced, leading to a breakout in one direction or the other.

Once a triangle pattern is identified, traders can use other technical indicators, such as Elliott Wave Theory, to help confirm the direction of the breakout. By analysing the waves within the triangle and the waves leading into the triangle, traders can gain insight into the future direction of the price.

Traders can also use other technical analysis to confirm the breakout, such as volume analysis and order flow.

The key to success with triangle patterns is to not trade the breakout of a triangle and attempt to enter a position based on other forms of technical analysis such as Fibonacci, Support & Resistance levels or Volume Analysis. Traders should be aware of the high possibility of a 'fakeout', which occurs when the price breaks out in one direction but then quickly reverses. Understanding how to spot a 'fakeout' is essential for any trader.

The Success Rate of Triangle Patterns

While triangles can be profitable, it is important to keep in mind that they are not always reliable indicators of future price movements. Here are a few things to consider when evaluating the success rate of triangle patterns:

There are no guarantees in trading. Even the most reliable chart patterns are not 100% accurate, and there is always a chance that a trade will move against you.

That being said, triangle patterns can be highly effective in providing clues about the future direction of price movements. When used in combination with other technical analysis tools, they can help traders identify key support and resistance levels that can be used to make more informed trading decisions.

The success rate of a triangle pattern will depend on a number of different factors, including the type of triangle pattern being used, the timeframe of the chart, and the market conditions at the time of the pattern's formation.

In general, symmetrical triangles tend to have a higher success rate than ascending or descending triangles, as they are more likely to break out in a definitive direction. However, this is not always the case, and it is important to evaluate each pattern on a case-by-case basis.

Finally, it is important to keep in mind that there is no substitute for experience when it comes to trading. Even the best technical analysis tools and chart patterns can be ineffective if they are not used correctly. This is why it is so important to continue to educate yourself on the markets and to practice your trading strategies in a risk-free environment before putting your money on the line.

By keeping these things in mind and continuing to refine your trading skills, you can increase your chances of success and become a more profitable trader over time.

How to use a Triangle Chart Pattern?

Triangle patterns can be used to generate buy or sell signals by traders to make profits. Here are some key points to consider when using a triangle chart pattern:

Identifying the Pattern - It is important to first identify the triangle pattern and its type to make effective trade decisions. Traders can use technical analysis tools such as charting software or drawing tools to identify the pattern.

Determining the Trend - After identifying the pattern, traders must determine the trend direction to place trades. If the triangle pattern is forming during an uptrend, it is more likely to break out in the upward direction, indicating a bullish signal. On the other hand, if it forms during a downtrend, it is likely to break out in the downward direction, indicating a bearish signal.

Waiting for a Breakout - Once traders have identified the pattern and determined the trend, they wait for the breakout to occur. Typically, inexperienced traders wait for the price to break out of the triangle pattern to confirm a trade signal. This is NOT the best method!

Volume and Elliott Wave Theory - It is important to consider volume and Elliott Wave theory while using the triangle chart pattern. The typical trade is upon the breakout, but that is not always the most effective trade. The first breakout can often be a 'fakeout'. Volume analysis can help traders determine whether the breakout is genuine or a trap. Elliott Wave theory can provide traders with a better understanding of the market trend and market cycles, helping them make more accurate trade decisions.

Stop Losses and Take Profits - As with any trading strategy, it is essential to set stop losses and take profits to minimize potential losses and maximize gains.

Practice and Patience - Traders must practice patience and discipline while using the triangle chart pattern. It is essential to practice the strategy on a demo account before trading live to ensure a better understanding of the market and strategy. Patience is also critical when waiting for the breakout to occur. Sometimes the breakout can take a while, and it is important not to rush into trades.


In conclusion, a triangle chart pattern is a useful tool for traders who want to analyse the market and make profitable trades. It can be a reliable pattern that indicates a trend continuation or trend reversal.

By understanding the different types of triangle patterns, traders can gain valuable insights into the market conditions and make informed trading decisions. It is important to remember that triangle patterns work best when used in conjunction with other technical analysis tools and strategies.

To use a triangle chart pattern effectively, traders should be patient and wait for a confirmed breakout. The typical trade is upon the breakout, but that is not always the most effective trade. Without knowing volume and Elliott wave theory, the first breakout can often be a fakeout.

At Spitfire Traders, we offer an educational program that teaches traders how to use technical analysis to become successful and profitable traders. Our extensive video library, private Discord community, and daily trading plans provide traders with all of the tools they need to succeed in the market.

We also have a public YouTube channel where we share technical analysis on Bitcoin, altcoins, and trading tips each week. Subscribing to our channel will keep you up-to-date with the latest market analysis and trading strategies.

We hope that this article has been helpful in explaining what a triangle chart pattern is and how to use it to make better trading decisions.


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